Lipstick is an essential for most women. It comes in a rainbow of shades and colors. Lip color has been around for over 5,000 years. Early lipstick was created by crushing semi-precious stones and applying them to the lips. Ancient Egyptian women used iodine to color their lips a bluish purple with severe health consequences.

In 1770 the British government passed a law that stated a marriage should be annulled if the  woman wore cosmetics before her wedding day.  In the 1800's wearing red lipstick indicated that you were "a loose woman". During the 1920's Flappers wore red lipstick to demonstrate their independence and in the 1930's Elizabeth Arden introduced a variety of lipstick colors.

A long lasting lipstick was developed by Hazel Bishop in 1949. After WW II, brightly colored lips became popular due to the influence of Lana Turner and Rita Hayworth.  The first lipstick tubes were created in 1957. Prior to that, women had to brush the color on like paint. After Marilyn Monroe's "Some Like it Hot" in 1959 most women were wearing bright lipstick. White lipstick was popular in the 1960's due to a number of rock groups such as the Shirelles and the Ronettes.

In 1975, fuscia gloss was popular due to the glowing quality on the disco dance floor. Black lipstick became in vogue during the 1970's to 1990's with the punk and goth subcultures. Mood lipstick appeared in the 1980's.  The color changed once it was applied to the lips.

Gwyneth Paltrow sums up today's lipstick trend, "Beauty, to me, is about being comfortable in your own skin. That, or a kick-ass red lipstick."